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GTM in Journals

Welcome to the Grounded Theory in Information Systems (IS) Research website.
This site aims to provide grounded theory researchs in IS with an overview and details on GTM studies, published in information systems journals.
You will find an introduction to GTM, an analysis of GTM articles published in IS Journals, and an analysis of GTM articles published at International Conference on Information Systems .
This work started with an initial dataset of 43 Grounded Theory papers that were published in European Journal of Information Systems, Information and Management, Journal of Management Information Systems, Information Systems Journal, MIS Quarterly, Organization Science, Journal of the Association of Information Systems, Information Systems Research, Decision Support Systems, Human-Computer Interaction, International Journal of Information Management, Journal of Information Technology, and Management Science.
The results of this study were published in 2017: Wiesche, Jurisch, Yetton, Krcmar (2017) Grounded Theory Methodology in Information Systems Research. MIS Quarterly, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp. 685-701.
The article is available for download HERE.
This website is a continuously developing document that seeks to provide an overview of studies published in information systems journals.
If you have published or know of other studies that should be listed here, please contact Manuel Wiesche:


Form of Contribution
Theoretical Sampling
Role of Prior Theory .d
Open Coding
Axial Coding

Selective Coding

Theoretical Coding
Constant Comparison
Coding Paradigm
GTM Approach
GTM Adaptions
Core Category
Duration (Months)Citations per Year .c
Total Citations .c
Barrett and Walsham 1999TbS341388222
Maznevski and Chudoba 2000TbaaaaS2197071456
Larsen et al 2009TbS45026
Goulielmos 2004TS41846
Boudreau and Robey 2005TS15629629
Volkoff et al. 2007TaS362838227
Ransbotham and Mitra 2009TS3-4a121773
Strong and Volkoff 2010TS363100155
Abraham et al. 2013TbaaSb204008
Gasson and Waters 2013TG2,55010
Smolander et al. 2008MbSa1247133
Huff and Munro 1985MaaaGaa9a643193
Orlikowski 1993MS6901518
Crook and Kumar 1998MS1312223
Scott 2000MS62280342
Scott and Kaindl 2000MS181127169
Lee 2001MS6105147
Fabricatore et al. 2002MaaaaS14a1131147
Levina and Ross 2003MaaaSa40a5383646
Nasirin and Birks 2003MGS2530
Sherif and Vinze 2003MS53364
Smith and Kumar 2004MS1164128
Shah 2006MS660594
Espinosa et al. 2007MS3075246
Xu and Ramesh 2007MS43835
Day et al. 2007MS106764
Palka et al. 2009MS151850111
Chalkraborty et al. 2010MaaSa40a144072
Seeley and Targett 1997DS11721
De Vreede et al. 1998DS24812138
Seeley and Targett 1999DS36959
Jones and Hughes 2001DS886124
Slack and Rowley 2002DS228537
Debreceny et al. 2003DS30036
Lander et al. 2004DS1409155
Volkoff et al. 2005DaGaa361100110
Zahedi et al. 2006DG40036
Hackney et al. 2007DS51341
Tschang 2007DGS361663133
Kesseler 2008DGS5628620
Ribes and Finholt 2009Da2Ga561783107
Chang et al. 2011DS32513
Lederman and Johnston 2011DS2510
Corbett and Mellouli 2017TS12
Qiu et al. 2017MGS20
Gregory et al. 2015TG24
Miranda et al. 2015MG72
Montazemi and Qahri-Saremi 2015M2G
Sadovykh et al. 2015MGS
Bensaou et al. 2014TGS16
Hinds & Cramton 2014M2G
Lin et al. 2014MS
Shaw 2014TS
Gregory et al. 2013T2G53
Mattarelli et al. 2013TS24
Nidhra et al. 2013TS
Austin et al. 2012M2G
Dougherty & Dunne 2012TS36
Edberg et al. 2012M2G24
Galliers and Huang 2012MGS3
Lin et al. 2012MGS
Berente et al. 2011MS
Zahedi and Bansal 2011TS
Vannoy and Salam 2010TS
Does apply T Theory
Does apply partially/indicated M Model
Other D Description
Not reported GS Glaser und Strauss (1967)
a Change after contacting the authors based on additional information S Straussian
b Change after contacting the authors based on false coding G Glaserian
c Citations from Google Scholar as of Spring 2015 2G 2nd generation (e.g. Clarke)
d Reverse coding


Abraham, C., Boudreau, M.-C., Junglas, I., and Watson, R. 2013. “Enriching Our Theoretical Repertoire: The Role of Evolutionary Psychology in Technology Acceptance,” European Journal of Information Systems (22:1), pp. 56-75.
Austin, R. D., Devin, L., and Sullivan, E. E. 2012. “Accidental Innovation: Supporting Valuable Unpredictability in the Creative Process,” Organization Science (23:5), pp. 1505-1522.
Barrett, M., and Walsham, G. 1999. “Electronic Trading and Work Transformation in the London Insurance Market,” Information Systems Research (10:1), pp. 1-22.
Bensaou, B. M., Galunic, C., and Jonczyk-Sédès, C. 2014. “Players and Purists: Networking Strategies and Agency of Service Professionals,” Organization Science (25:1), pp. 29-56.
Berente, N., Hansen, S., Pike, J. C., and Bateman, P. J. 2011. “Arguing the Value of Virtual Worlds: Patterns of Discursive Sensemaking of an Innovative Technology,” MIS Quarterly (35:3), pp. 685-709.
Boudreau, M.-C., and Robey, D. 2005. “Enacting Integrated Information Technology: A Human Agency Perspective,” Organization Science (16:1), pp. 3-18.
Chakraborty, S., Sarker, S., and Sarker, S. 2010. “An Exploration into the Process of Requirements Elicitation: A Grounded Approach,” Journal of the Association for Information Systems (11:4), pp. 212-249.
Chang, C. L.-H., Chen, V., Klein, G., and Jiang, J. J. 2011. “Information System Personnel Career Anchor Changes Leading to Career Changes,” European Journal of Information Systems (20:1), pp. 103-117.
Corbett, J., and Mellouli, S. 2017. “Winning the Sdg Battle in Cities: How an Integrated Information Ecosystem Can Contribute to the Achievement of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals,” Information Systems Journal (27:4), pp. 427-461.
Crook, C. W., and Kumar, R. L. 1998. “Electronic Data Interchange: A Multi-Industry Investigation Using Grounded Theory,” Information & Management (34:2), pp. 75-89.
Day, J. M., Junglas, I., and Silva, L. 2009. “Information Flow Impediments in Disaster Relief Supply Chains,” Journal of the Association for Information Systems (10:8), pp. 637-660.
De Vreede, G.-J., Jones, N., and Mgaya, R. J. 1998. “Exploring the Application and Acceptance of Group Support Systems in Africa,” Journal of Management Information Systems (15:3), pp. 197-234.
Debreceny, R., Putterill, M., Tung, L.-L., and Gilbert, A. L. 2003. “New Tools for the Determination of E-Commerce Inhibitors,” Decision Support Systems (34:2), pp. 177-195.
Dougherty, D., and Dunne, D. D. 2012. “Digital Science and Knowledge Boundaries in Complex Innovation,” Organization Science (23:5), pp. 1467-1484.
Edberg, D., Ivanova, P., and Kuechler, W. 2012. “Methodology Mashups: An Exploration of Processes Used to Maintain Software,” Journal of Management Information Systems (28:4), pp. 271-304.
Espinosa, J. A., Slaughter, S. A., Kraut, R. E., and Herbsleb, J. D. 2007. “Team Knowledge and Coordination in Geographically Distributed Software Development,” Journal of Management Information Systems (24:1), pp. 135-169.
Fabricatore, C., Nussbaum, M., and Rosas, R. 2002. “Playability in Action Videogames: A Qualitative Design Model,” Human-Computer Interaction (17:4), pp. 311-368.
Galliers, R. D., and Huang, J. C. 2012. “The Teaching of Qualitative Research Methods in Information Systems: An Explorative Study Utilizing Learning Theory,” European Journal of Information Systems (21:2), pp. 119-134.
Gasson, S., and Waters, J. 2013. “Using a Grounded Theory Approach to Study Online Collaboration Behaviors,” European Journal of Information Systems (22:1), pp. 95-118.
Goulielmos, M. 2004. “Systems Development Approach: Transcending Methodology,” Information Systems Journal (14:4), pp. 363-386.
Gregory, R. W., Beck, R., and Keil, M. 2013. “Control Balancing in Information Systems Development Offshoring Projects,” Mis Quarterly (37:4), pp. 1211-1232.
Gregory, R. W., Keil, M., Muntermann, J., and Mähring, M. 2015. “Paradoxes and the Nature of Ambidexterity in It Transformation Programs,” Information Systems Research (26:1), pp. 57-80.
Hackney, R., Jones, S., and Lösch, A. 2007. “Towards an E-Government Efficiency Agenda: The Impact of Information and Communication Behaviour on E-Reverse Auctions in Public Sector Procurement,” European Journal of Information Systems (16:2), pp. 178-191.
Hinds, P. J., and Cramton, C. D. 2014. “Situated Coworker Familiarity: How Site Visits Transform Relationships among Distributed Workers,” Organization Science (25:3), pp. 794-814.
Huff, S. L., and Munro, M. C. 1985. “Information Technology Assessment and Adoption: A Field Study,” MIS Quarterly (9:4), pp. 327-340.
Jones, S., and Hughes, J. 2001. “Understanding Is Evaluation as a Complex Social Process: A Case Study of a Uk Local Authority,” European Journal of Information Systems (10:4), pp. 189-203.
Kesseler, E. 2008. “Assessing Cots Software in a Certifiable Safety‐Critical Domain,” Information Systems Journal (18:3), pp. 299-324.
Lander, M. C., Purvis, R. L., McCray, G. E., and Leigh, W. 2004. “Trust-Building Mechanisms Utilized in Outsourced Is Development Projects: A Case Study,” Information & Management (41:4), pp. 509-528.
Larsen, T. J., Niederman, F., Limayem, M., and Chan, J. 2009. “The Role of Modelling in Achieving Information Systems Success: Uml to the Rescue?,” Information Systems Journal (19:1), pp. 83-117.
Lederman, R., and Johnston, R. B. 2011. “Decision Support or Support for Situated Choice: Lessons for System Design from Effective Manual Systems,” European Journal of Information Systems (20:5), pp. 510-528.
Lee, C. S. 2001. “Modeling the Business Value of Information Technology,” Information & Management (39:3), pp. 191-210.
Levina, N., and Ross, J. W. 2003. “From the Vendor’s Perspective: Exploring the Value Proposition in Information Technology Outsourcing,” MIS Quarterly (27:3), pp. 331-364.
Lin, A. C., Fernandez, W. D., and Gregor, S. 2012. “Understanding Web Enjoyment Experiences and Informal Learning: A Study in a Museum Context,” Decision Support Systems (53:4), pp. 846-858.
Lin, H.-C. K., Chuang, T.-Y., Lin, I.-L., and Chen, H.-Y. 2014. “Elucidating the Role of It/Is Assessment and Resource Allocation in It/Is Performance in Hospitals,” Information & Management (51:1), pp. 104-112.
Mattarelli, E., Bertolotti, F., and Macrì, D. M. 2013. “The Use of Ethnography and Grounded Theory in the Development of a Management Information System,” European Journal of Information Systems (22:1), pp. 26-44.
Maznevski, M. L., and Chudoba, K. M. 2000. “Bridging Space over Time: Global Virtual Team Dynamics and Effectiveness,” Organization Science (11:5), pp. 473-492.
Miranda, S. M., Kim, I., and Summers, J. D. 2015. “Jamming with Social Media: How Cognitive Structuring of Organizing Vision Facets Affects It Innovation Diffusion,” MIS Quarterly (39:3), pp. 591-A519.
Montazemi, A. R., and Qahri-Saremi, H. 2015. “Factors Affecting Adoption of Online Banking: A Meta-Analytic Structural Equation Modeling Study,” Information & Management (52:2), pp. 210-226.
Nasirin, S., and Birks, D. F. 2003. “Dss Implementation in the Uk Retail Organisations: A Gis Perspective,” Information & Management (40:4), pp. 325-336.
Nidhra, S., Yanamadala, M., Afzal, W., and Torkar, R. 2013. “Knowledge Transfer Challenges and Mitigation Strategies in Global Software Development—a Systematic Literature Review and Industrial Validation,” International Journal of Information Management (33:2), pp. 333-355.
Orlikowski, W. J. 1993. “Case Tools as Organizational Change: Investigating Incremental and Radical Changes in Systems Development,” MIS Quarterly (17:3), pp. 309-340.
Palka, W., Pousttchi, K., and Wiedemann, D. G. 2009. “Mobile Word-of-Mouth: A Grounded Theory of Mobile Viral Marketing,” Journal of Information Technology (24:2), pp. 172-185.
Qiu, Y., Gopal, A., and Hann, I.-H. 2017. “Logic Pluralism in Mobile Platform Ecosystems: A Study of Indie App Developers on the Ios App Store,” Information Systems Research (28:2), pp. 225-249.
Ransbotham, S., and Mitra, S. 2009. “Choice and Chance: A Conceptual Model of Paths to Information Security Compromise,” Information Systems Research (20:1), pp. 121-139.
Ribes, D., and Finholt, T. A. 2009. “The Long Now of Technology Infrastructure: Articulating Tensions in Development,” Journal of the Association for Information Systems (10:5), pp. 375-398.
Sadovykh, V., Sundaram, D., and Piramuthu, S. 2015. “Do Decision-Making Structure and Sequence Exist in Health Online Social Networks?,” Decision Support Systems (74), pp. 102-120.
Scott, J. E. 2000. “Facilitating Interorganizational Learning with Information Technology,” Journal of Management Information Systems (17:2), pp. 81-113.
Scott, J. E., and Kaindl, L. 2000. “Enhancing Functionality in an Enterprise Software Package,” Information & Management (37:3), pp. 111-122.
Seeley, M., and Targett, D. 1999. “Patterns of Senior Executives’ Personal Use of Computers,” Information & Management (35:6), pp. 315-330.
Seeley, M. E., and Targett, D. 1997. “A Senior Executive End‐User Framework,” Information Systems Journal (7:4), pp. 289-308.
Shah, S. K. 2006. “Motivation, Governance, and the Viability of Hybrid Forms in Open Source Software Development,” Management Science (52:7), pp. 1000-1014.
Shaw, N. 2014. “The Role of the Professional Association: A Grounded Theory Study of Electronic Medical Records Usage in Ontario, Canada,” International Journal of Information Management (34:2), pp. 200-209.
Sherif, K., and Vinze, A. 2003. “Barriers to Adoption of Software Reuse: A Qualitative Study,” Information & Management (41:2), pp. 159-175.
Slack, F., and Rowley, J. 2002. “Kiosks 21: A New Role for Information Kiosks?,” International Journal of Information Management (22:1), pp. 67-83.
Smith, M. A., and Kumar, R. L. 2004. “A Theory of Application Service Provider (Asp) Use from a Client Perspective,” Information & Management (41:8), pp. 977-1002.
Smolander, K., Rossi, M., and Purao, S. 2008. “Software Architectures: Blueprint, Literature, Language or Decision?,” European Journal of Information Systems (17:6), pp. 575-588.
Strong, D. M., and Volkoff, O. 2010. “Understanding Organization-Enterprise System Fit: A Path to Theorizing the Information Technology Artifact,” MIS Quarterly (34:4), pp. 731-756.
Tschang, F. T. 2007. “Balancing the Tensions between Rationalization and Creativity in the Video Games Industry,” Organization Science (18:6), pp. 989-1005.
Vannoy, S. a., and Salam, a. F. 2010. “Managerial Interpretations of the Role of Information Systems in Competitive Actions and Firm Performance: A Grounded Theory Investigation,” Information Systems Research (21:3), pp. 496-515.
Volkoff, O., Strong, D. M., and Elmes, M. B. 2005. “Understanding Enterprise Systems-Enabled Integration,” European Journal of Information Systems (14:2), pp. 110-120.
Volkoff, O., Strong, D. M., and Elmes, M. B. 2007. “Technological Embeddedness and Organizational Change,” Organization Science (18:5), pp. 832-848.
Xu, P., and Ramesh, B. 2007. “Software Process Tailoring: An Empirical Investigation,” Journal of Management Information Systems (24:2), pp. 293-328.
Zahedi, F., Van Pelt, W. V., and Srite, M. 2006. “Web Documents’ Cultural Masculinity and Femininity,” Journal of Management Information Systems (23:1), pp. 87-128.
Zahedi, F. M., and Bansal, G. 2011. “Cultural Signifiers of Web Site Images,” Journal of Management Information Systems (28:1), pp. 147-200.